Seismological evidence for lateral magma intrusion during the July 1978 deflation of the Krafla volcano in NE- Iceland.

Páll Einarsson, Bryndís Brandsdóttir

Rannsóknarafurð: Framlag til fræðitímaritsGreinritrýni

224 Tilvitnanir (Scopus)

Útdráttur

The July 1978 deflation of Krafla volcano in the volcanic rift zone of NE-Iceland was in most respects typical of the many deflation events that have occurred at Krafla since December 1975. Separated by periods of slow inflation, the deflation events are characterized both by rapid subsidence and volcanic tremor in the caldera region, as well as extensive rifting in the fault swarm that transects the volcano. Earthquakes increase in the caldera region shortly after deflation starts and propagate along the fault swarm away from the central part of the volcano, sometimes as far as 65 km. The deflation events are interpreted as the result of subsurface magmatic movements, when magma from the Krafla reservoir is injected laterally into the fault swarm to form a dyke. In the July 1978 event, magma was injected a total distance of 30 km into the N fault swarm.-Authors

Upprunalegt tungumálEnska
Síður (frá-til)160-165
Síðufjöldi6
FræðitímaritJournal of Geophysics - Zeitschrift fur Geophysik
Bindi47
Númer tölublaðs1-3
ÚtgáfustaðaÚtgefið - 1980

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