Prevalence of open-angle glaucoma in Iceland: Reykjavik eye study

Fridbert Jonasson, K. F. Damji, A. Arnarsson, T. Sverrisson, L. Wang, H. Sasaki, K. Sasaki

Rannsóknarafurð: Framlag til fræðitímaritsGreinritrýni

98 Tilvitnanir (Scopus)

Útdráttur

Purpose. To establish the age- and sex-specific prevalence of open-angle glaucoma (OAG) subsuming pseudoexfoliation (PEX) in the city of Reykjavik. Methods. Participants 50 years of age and older who were part of the Reykjavik Eye Study and classified as having glaucoma were divided into three categories: Category 1: two or more of the following based on optic nerve stereophotograph reading: vertical cup to disc ratio (VCDR) 97.5th percentile (>0.7), focal glaucomatous disc change, C/D asymmetry of 97.5th percentile difference between eyes (>0.2) as well as glaucomatous visual field defect (GVFD). Category 2: 99.5th percentile of VCDR (>0.8) and 99.5% percentile difference between eyes (≥0.3), without a GVFD. Category 3: VA <3/60 and IOP>99.5th percentile or VA<3/60 and evidence of filtering surgery. For a glaucoma suspect, one of the following was present: VCDR>99.5th percentile (>0.8), focal glaucomatous disc change, C/D asymmetry of 99.5th percentile (≥0.3), GVFD only, IOP≥23 mmHg (97.5 percentile). PEX was diagnosed by the presence of a central shield and/or a peripheral band on the anterior lens capsule. Results. Of 42 persons (22 males and 20 females) with OAG, 13 (31.0%) had PEX. The minimum prevalence of OAG was 4.0% (42/1045) (95% CI 2.8-5.2) for those 50 years and older and 10.3% (95% CI 8.5-12.2) for PEX. The prevalence of OAG increases with age (OR = 1.10/year, 95% CI 1.07-1.13, P = 0.000) and the same applies for the prevalence of PEX, OR = 1.10 (95% CI 1.07-1.12, P = 0.000). Conclusion. There is a 10% annual increase for both OAG and PEX in persons 50 years and older.

Upprunalegt tungumálEnska
Síður (frá-til)747-753
Síðufjöldi7
FræðitímaritEye
Bindi17
Númer tölublaðs6
DOI
ÚtgáfustaðaÚtgefið - ágú. 2003

Athugasemd

Funding Information:
We are indebted to Laufey Tryggvadottir (MSc) for assistance regarding epidemiology and statistics. We are grateful to Nidek Co. Ltd (Japan) for providing equipment and technical staff for the survey. This project was supported by grants from St Joseph’s Hospital, Landakot Foundation, Reykjavik, Iceland, University National Hospital, University of Iceland Research Grant and The Icelandic Research Council.

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