Effects of a long-term physical exercise program with and without diet on obese boys after six-month detraining

Antonio García-Hermoso, Jose M. Saavedra, Yolanda Escalante, Ana M. Domínguez

Rannsóknarafurð: Framlag til fræðitímaritsGreinritrýni

3 Tilvitnanir (Scopus)

Útdráttur

Background: Most studies on physical fitness and detraining have been conducted on normal-weight children. Their results indicate that any gains regress to the untrained control values during the detraining period. It, therefore, seems necessary to determine how detraining affects the different fitness parameters in obese children. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of detraining (6 months) on kinanthropometry and the components of physical fitness after an intervention (31 months) consisting of a program of exercise and/or diet for obese boys. Methods: The participants were 18 boys, aged between 8 and 11 years, divided into E and E+D groups according to the program they followed. The E group followed a physical exercise program (three 90-minute sessions/ week), and the E+D group the same physical exercise program plus a low calorie diet. Physical fitness was assessed by the European physical fitness test battery including flamingo balance, plate tapping, sit-andreach, standing broad jump, hand-grip strength, sit-ups, bent-arm hang, 10×5-metre shuttle run, and 20-metre endurance shuttle run. The Kruskal-Wallis test was applied to reveal overall intergroup differences (E and E+D groups), and measurements showing significant differences were further analysed for differences between individual groups by the Mann-Whitney U test. Results: In both groups, changes were observed in various physical fitness parameters, especially limb speed (E group, P=0.001; E+D group, P=0.002), agility (E group, P<0.001; E+D group, P<0.001), and aerobic fitness (E group, P=0.009; E+D group, P=0.002). Conclusion: Detraining after a long-term intervention based on the combination of exercise program and exercise program plus diet in obese boys does not affect the changes attained during the intervention.

Upprunalegt tungumálEnska
Síður (frá-til)38-45
Síðufjöldi8
FræðitímaritWorld Journal of Pediatrics
Bindi10
Númer tölublaðs1
DOI
ÚtgáfustaðaÚtgefið - feb. 2014

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