Why Might Language and Motor Impairments Occur Together?

L. B. Estil*, H. T.A. Whiting, H. Sigmundsson, R. P. Ingvaldsen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


A step-wise methodology is employed in order to identify common neurological factors underlying motor and language impairments where they occur together. A sample of 15 5-10-yearold children with predetermined language impairment was tested comprehensively using the Illinois Test of Fsycholinguistic Ability (ITPA) and the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (Movement ABC). On the basis of these tests, only four of the sample were found to have generally poor performance both in psycholinguistic (particularly indexed by problems with visual closure and sound blending) and motor abilities (particularly indexed by manual dexterity problems - bimanual coordination and drawing - and static balance. Further detailed examination of the findings fostered a number of plausible hypotheses to account for this communality. The viability of these different alternatives is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-265
Number of pages13
JournalInfant and Child Development
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2003

Other keywords

  • Bimanual skills
  • Corpus callosum
  • Language impairment
  • Motor impairment
  • Right hemisphere
  • Sound blending
  • Static balance
  • Visuospatial skills


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