What scientific information on the seismic risk to non-structural elements do people need to know?

Stefano Solarino, Monica Amaral Ferreira, Gemma Musacchio, Rajesh Rupakhety, Hugo O’neill, Susanna Falsaperla, Marta Vicente, Mario Lopes, Carlos Sousa Oliveira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The paper describes the process of turning research on disasters’ mitigation into preventative actions and, more precisely, of moving from a study on vulnerable non-structural elements to solutions, tools and guidelines that help laymen to cope with seismic risk. Such process was undertaken within KnowRISK, a project funded under the ECHO-Directorate of the European Commission, that involved Portugal, Italy and Iceland. Information derived from damage to non-structural elements observed in recent earthquakes in countries the project’s consortium was used to design communication tools and address multi-stakeholders (citizens, students and building sector). These tools are: the Practical Guide, the Students Short Guide, the KnowRISK Portfolio of Solutions, the “Move, Protect and Secure” video and derived teasers, the augmented reality apps, hands-on tools and games for students (i.e. the house model activity, the students’ notebooks, board games and the shake-box). The philosophy behind these products is that risks, once detected, can be mitigated by informing people and suggesting preparedness and preventative actions that need to be perceived as achievable. The tools listed in this paper are concerned with the awareness that non-structural elements seismic performance impacts economic losses, loss of functionality, and threats life safety. We discuss the rationale behind the selection of the information that people need to know in order to increase their capacity to take actions towards the non-structural elements’ reduction of vulnerability. These tools were designed engaging selected stakeholders and addressing their needs, priorities and obstacles towards mitigation of non-structural damage.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberAC05
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalAnnals of Geophysics
Volume63
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We are indebted to an anonymous reviewer whose suggestions greatly improved the paper. KnowRISK is co-financed by European Commission's Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Grant agreement ECHO/SUB/2015/718655/PREV28. It is a project that involved four different European research centers and universities under the coordination of the Instituto Superior T?cnico (Portugal). The partners are the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (Italy), the Laborat?rio Nacional de Engenharia Civil (Portugal) and the Earthquake Engineering Research Centre (University of Iceland). We acknowledge all the participants of KnowRISK group for the fruitful discussions and support.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, Editrice Compositori s.r.l. All rights reserved.

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