Vitrectomy, lensectomy, and ocular oxygenation

Einar Stefansson, Maurice B. Landers*, Myron L. Wolbarsht

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of vitrectomy and lensectomy upon the anterior chamber oxygen tension of the cat eye was measured poiarographicaliy. After vitrectomy and lensectomy alone, a reduction of 12 mm Hg (35%) was observed and when retinal veins were also partially occluded, a reduction of 17 mm Hg (50%) was measured as compared with the normal oxygen tension (P02) of 34 mm Hg. If vitrectomy and lensectomy allow aqueous to deliver oxygen from the anterior part of the eye to the retina, the poorer oxygenation of the iris and the improved oxygenation of the retina might explain both the development of rubeosis iridis and stabilization of proliferative diabetic retinopathy so commonly seen following vitrectomy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-166
Number of pages8
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1982

Other keywords

  • Aqueous humor
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Lensectomy
  • Neovascularization of the iris
  • Oxygen
  • Proliferative retinopathy
  • Vitrectomy


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