The topic of visual attention has played an increasingly large role in visual perception research in the past half-century or so. This highlights the need for paradigms that allow a thorough understanding of the function of visual attention and that the experimental tasks that are used are varied and dynamic enough to sample the operational characteristics of visual attention. We discuss newly developed foraging tasks that are more dynamic than many tasks used in the literature, such as the visual search task. Our orienting in the visual environment may not be particularly well encapsulated by the analogy of search for a single item, a search that then ends once the single target is found. Multitarget foraging tasks might cast further light upon the orienting of visual attention, especially in dynamic, multitarget environments. During foraging, observers are asked to select a certain number of target types among distractor items. Here we discuss such foraging tasks, the main considerations for efficient design and effective data analysis. We propose that these tasks will be a highly valuable addition to the toolbox of scientists who investigate the operation of visual attention and visual cognition more generally.
|Title of host publication||Neuromethods|
|Publisher||Humana Press Inc.|
|Number of pages||19|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
- Optimal foraging
- Patch leaving
- Visual attention
- Visual foraging
- Visual search