Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is a macrophage derived peptide that has an antitumor action and modulates immune and inflammatory reactions. Dietary fatty acids may modulate TNF production as dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids suppress human monocyte TNF production, but enhance its secretion by murine peritoneal macrophages. Mice were maintained for 5 weeks on diets containing different amounts of n-3 and n-4 fatty acids. TNF, PGE2 and 6-keto PGF1α production was monitored following in vitro stimulation of resident peritoneal macrophages with lipopolysaccharide. Macrophages from mice fed the high n-3 diet produced 8-fold more TNF and half the PGE2 produced by macrophages from mice on the other diets. Indomethacin caused an increase in the TNF production by macrophages from mice on all diets but macrophages from mice on the high n-3 diet produced more TNF than macrophages from mice on the other diets. Exogenous PGE2 (100 nM) greatly decreased TNF production by macrophages from mice on all diets, but macrophages from mice on the high n-3 diet secreted 70% more TNF than macrophages from mice fed the other diets, indicating that PGE2 is only partly responsible for the effects observed. The results show that feeding n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids may cause enhanced TNF production by resident peritoneal macrophages and that PGE2 is partly responsible for the effect.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Cell Research|
|Publication status||Published - 12 Nov 1991|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This researcll was supported in part by the National Sea Grant Program and a NATO Science Fellowship.
- Dietary fat
- n-3 Fatty acid
- Polyunsaturated fatty acid
- Tumor necrosis factor