Topical Formulation Comprising Fatty Acid Extract from Cod Liver Oil: Development, Evaluation and Stability Studies

Biljana Ilievska, Thorsteinn Loftsson, Martha Ásdís Hjálmarsdóttir, Guðrún Ásgrimsdóttir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to develop a pharmaceutical formulation containing fatty acid extract rich in free omega-3 fatty acids such as eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid for topical use. Although the health benefits of cod liver oil and other fish oils taken orally as a dietary supplement have been acknowledged and exploited, it is clear that their use can be extended further to cover their antibacterial properties. In vitro evaluation showed that 20% (v/v) fatty acid extract exhibits good activity against strains of the Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Streptoccoccus pyogenes and Streptoccoccus pneumonia. Therefore, free polyunsaturated fatty acids from cod liver oil or other fish oils can be used as safe and natural antibacterial agents. In this study, ointment compositions containing free fatty acids as active antibacterial agents were prepared by using various natural waxes and characterized. The effects of different waxes, such as carnauba wax, ozokerite wax, laurel wax, beeswax, rice bran wax, candelilla wax and microcrystalline wax, in the concentration range of 1% to 5% (w/w) on the ointment texture, consistency and stability were evaluated. The results showed significant variations in texture, sensory and rheological profiles. This was attributed to the wax’s nature and chain composition. Microcrystalline wax gave the best results but laurel wax, beeswax and rice bran wax exhibited excellent texturing, similar sensory profiles and well-balanced rheological properties.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages105
JournalMarine Drugs
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016

Other keywords

  • Polyunsaturated fatty acid
  • Docosahexaenoic acid
  • Cosapentaenoic acid
  • Fatty acid
  • Ointment
  • Fitusýrur
  • Fjölómettaðar fitusýrur

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