Thermostabilization of VPR, a kinetically stable cold adapted subtilase, via multiple proline substitutions into surface loops

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Abstract

Protein stability is a widely studied topic, there are still aspects however that need addressing. In this paper we examined the effects of multiple proline substitutions into loop regions of the kinetically stable proteinase K-like serine protease VPR, using the thermostable structural homologue AQUI as a template. Four locations for proline substitutions were chosen to imitate the structure of AQUI. Variants were produced and characterized using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), circular dichroism (CD), steady state fluorescence, acrylamide fluorescence quenching and thermal inactivation experiments. The final product VPRΔC_N3P/I5P/N238P/T265P was greatly stabilized which was achieved without any noticeable detrimental effects to the catalytic efficiency of the enzyme. This stabilization seems to be derived from the conformation restrictive properties of the proline residue in its ability to act as an anchor point and strengthen pre-existing interactions within the protein and allowing for these interactions to prevail when thermal energy is applied to the system. In addition, the results underline the importance of the synergy between distant local protein motions needed to result in stabilizing effects and thus giving an insight into the nature of the stability of VPR, its unfolding landscape and how proline residues can infer kinetic stability onto protein structures.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1045
JournalScientific Reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jan 2020

Other keywords

  • Protein stability
  • VPR
  • AQUI
  • Prótín
  • Lífefnafræði

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