The Volcanic Hazards of Jan Mayen Island (North-Atlantic)

Eirik Gjerløw*, Ármann Höskuldsson, Stefania Bartolini, Sebastien Biass, Sophie Mossoux, Jennie Gilbert, Rolf Birger Pedersen, Joan Martí

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Hazard assessment of remote volcanic islands provides many challenges compared to other volcanoes and volcanic fields. Here we present the first systematic volcanic hazard assessment of Jan Mayen Island, a remote island located in the North-Atlantic Ocean and home to the northernmost active subaerial volcano in the world (Beerenberg Volcano), and we discuss some of the challenges and characteristics of performing a volcanic hazard assessment of a remote volcanic island. Jan Mayen has had at least five eruptions since its discovery at the start of the 17th century. Its Holocene volcanism is mainly characterized by eruptions with styles ranging from Hawaiian to Strombolian, but also by lava domes and Surtseyan eruptions. Based on field data, remote images, topographic data, past data, and computer simulations, our study evaluates the spatial probability of new vents opening, estimates eruption recurrence rates, simulates various eruption scenarios, and produces hazard maps for the different scenarios. This work shows where the hazards of ash fall, and lava flows are more likely to affect the built infrastructure on Jan Mayen Island. This hazard assessment will assist emergency planning and the determination of future land use on the island.

Original languageEnglish
Article number730734
JournalFrontiers in Earth Science
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was part of EG’s Ph.D. project and was financed by the Centre for Geobiology at the University of Bergen and the Nordic Volcanological Center at the University of Iceland. This paper has been written while the lead author has been employed at UiT the Arctic University of Norway. This study has also been part of the VeTools and EVE projects (EC ECHO Grants SI2.695524 and 826292).

Funding Information:
This study was part of EG’s Ph.D. project and was financed by the Centre for Geobiology at the University of Bergen and the Nordic Volcanological Center at the University of Iceland. This paper has been written while the lead author has been employed at UiT the Arctic University of Norway. This study has also been part of the VeTools and EVE projects (EC ECHO Grants SI2.695524 and 826292).

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2022 Gjerløw, Höskuldsson, Bartolini, Biass, Mossoux, Gilbert, Pedersen and Martí.

Other keywords

  • eruptive scenarios
  • geohazard
  • hazard assesment
  • hazard models
  • volcanic hazard
  • volcano

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