The social life and attitudes of 80 year olds in Iceland and Sweden - A comparison of two city populations

G Samuelsson, T Svensson, J.E Jonson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The 80+ Studies are collecting longitudinal data regarding medical, psychological, and sociological aspects of 80-year-old people in Lund, Sweden and Reykjavik, Iceland. Methods and Samples: The research design and instruments were identical at the two cites. The number of participants was 139 and 151 respectively. Results: The Icelandic sample had a lower level of educational attainment, a higher ratio with working class back-ground, a higher retirement age, a higher level of single living participants, and more often received home health care. They also had fewer close friends, provided a lower level of support to their children, and, to a lower extent, thought their income met their needs. The Swedish participants reported a higher divorce rate, a lower number of children, siblings, and grandchildren, a higher level of satisfaction with family contacts, and a higher level of loneliness. Summary: Many significant differences concerning demographic and social network variables were found between the two samples. Possible macro-social and cultural explanations of the differences are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalHallym international journal of aging : HIJA
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2005

Other keywords

  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Quality of Life
  • Iceland
  • Sweden
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Attitude to Health


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