The prevalence of chronic airflow obstruction in three cities in the Nordic-Baltic region.

Erika Broström, Rain Jõgi, Thorarinn Gislason, Bryndis Benediktsdottir, Peter G J Burney, Christer Janson

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Chronic airflow obstruction (CAO) is the primary characteristic of Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) but is also seen in chronic asthma. To compare the prevalence of CAO and possible risk factors between Tartu in Estonia, Reykjavik in Iceland and Uppsala in Sweden. All participants underwent spirometry testing of forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV 1037 men and 956 women participated in the study. The prevalence of CAO was lower in women in Tartu compared to the other centres (4.9% vs. 13.4 and 8.7% in Reykjavik and Uppsala, respectively, p = 0.002) while no difference was found for men. A similar picture was seen for the proportion of participants that had smoked 10 pack years or more which was much lower in Tartu for women than in Reykjavik and Uppsala, respectively (13.2% vs. 33.7 and 29.2%, p < 0.001). (Fig. 1). Of the participants with CAO the majority (57-67%) did not have a previous diagnosis of asthma or COPD.
Original languageEnglish
JournalRespiratory Medicine
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018

Other keywords

  • Asthma
  • COPD
  • Chronic airflow obstruction
  • Gender difference
  • Smoking
  • Öndunarfærasjúkdómar
  • Langvinn lungnateppa
  • Lungnasjúkdómar
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive


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