The influence of anxiety and depression symptoms on help-seeking intentions in individual sport athletes and non-athletes: The role of gender and athlete status

Richard E. Tahtinen*, Hafrun Kristjansdottir

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study explored the influence of current anxiety and depression symptoms on intentions to seek professional help from a psychologist. Furthermore, the aim was to explore if symptoms influenced intentions differently in male and female, and in athlete and non-athlete samples. A total of 375 non-athlete university students and 187 individual sport athletes, 18 years and older were included in the study. A significant main effect of symptoms on help-seeking intentions was observed among females and this was moderated by athlete status; female athletes with depression symptoms reported lower intentions than female non-athletes with depression symptoms. There was no main effect of symptoms among athletes, but a significant cross-over interaction effect of symptoms and gender on intentions was observed; non-symptomatic female athletes reported higher intentions than male athletes without symptoms, and female athletes with depression symptoms reported lower intentions than male athletes with depression symptoms. Results suggested that experiencing depression symptoms may decrease female athletes’ intentions to seek help from psychologist.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-151
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Clinical Sport Psychology
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Human Kinetics, Inc.

Other keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Athletes
  • Depression
  • Help-seeking intentions
  • University students

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