The DopFet system: a new ultrasonic Doppler system for monitoring and characterization of fetal movement

B Karlsson, K Foulquière, K Kaluzynski, F Tranquart, A Fignon, D Pourcelot, L Pourcelot, M Berson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


To enable the investigation of fetal movement in a manner similar to fetal heart rate (FHR) monitoring we have developed an apparatus (the DopFet system) that consists of a pair of miniature sensors, a 2-MHz continuous-wave directional Doppler electronic module and a laptop personal computer. One of the sensors is aimed at the fetal limbs and the other at the thorax to detect heart and upper body movements. The signals are analyzed, presented in real-time and postprocessed by software developed by us. The postprocessing software computes a number of parameters (the DopFet parameters) describing fetal movement. These parameters can be divided into two categories: parameters that describe the quantity of fetal movement (i.e., number of movements) and parameters that describe qualitative aspects of fetal movement (i.e., average movement duration). Future studies using the DopFet system will be aimed at discovering which of these parameters or combination of parameters is the best indicator of fetal well-being. We present an example of a 0.5 h recording and the results of testing on 23 volunteer mothers. These results show good sensitivity of the system compared to real-time ultrasound (US). The system detects 96% of rolling movements, 100% of flexion movements and 97% of leg movements.
Original languageEnglish
JournalUltrasound in medicine & biology
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2000

Other keywords

  • Female
  • Fetal Movement
  • Heart Rate, Fetal
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Pregnancy
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Ultrasonography, Doppler
  • Ultrasonography, Prenatal


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