The CBCL/1½–5’s DSM-ASD Scale: Confirmatory Factor Analyses Across 24 Societies

Leslie A. Rescorla*, Allison Adams, Masha Y. Ivanova, the International ASEBA Consortium

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Previous research supports the CBCL/1½–5’s DSM-ASD scale (and its precursor, the DSM-PDP scale) as a Level 1 ASD screener. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) with data from population samples in 24 societies (N = 19,850) indicated good measurement invariance across societies, especially for configural and metric invariance. Items 4. 25, 67, 80, and 98 may be especially good discriminators of ASD because they have tend to have low base rates, strong loadings on the ASD latent construct, and the best measurement invariance across societies. Further research is needed to test the discriminative power of these items in predicting ASD, but our strong measurement findings support the international psychometric robustness of the CBCL/1½–5’s DSM-ASD scale.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3326-3340
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Members of the International ASEBA Consortium: Niels Bilenberg?University of Southern Denmark; Gudrun Bjarnadottir?Glaesibaer Health Clinic, Iceland; Christiane Capron?University of Montpellier, France; Sarah De Pauw?Ghent University, Belgium; Pedro Dias?Portuguese Catholic University; Anca Dobrean?Babes-Bolyai University, Romania; Manfred D?pfner?University of Cologne, Germany; Michel Duyme?University of Montpellier, France; Valsamma Eapen?University of New South Wales, Australia; Nese Erol?Ankara University, Turkey; Elaheh Esmaeili?Tehran Institute for Exceptional Children, Iran; Lourdes Ezpeleta?Universitat Aut?noma de Barcelona, Spain; Alessandra Frigerio?Scientific Institute E. Medea, Italy; Daniel S.S. Fung?Institute of Mental Health, Singapore; Miguel Gon?alves?University of Minho, Portugal; Halld?r Gu?mundsson?University of Iceland; Suh-Fang Jeng?National Taiwan University; Roma Jusiene?Vilnius University; Young-Ah Kim ?Huno Consulting, Korea; Solveig Kristensen?University of Southern Denmark; Jianghong Liu?University of Pennsylvania; Felipe Lecannelier?Universidad del Desarrollo, Chile; Patrick Leung?Chinese University of Hong Kong; B?rbara C?sar Machado?Portuguese Catholic University; Rosario Montirosso?Scientific Institute E. Medea, Italy; Kyung-Ja Oh?Yonsei University, Korea; Yoon Phaik Ooi?Institute of Mental Health, Singapore; Julia Pl?ck?University of Cologne, Germany; Rolando Pomalima?Peruvian National Institute of Mental Health,; Jetishi Pranvera?University of Dardania; Mimoza Shahini?University Clinical Center of Kosovo; Jaime Silva -Universidad de la Frontera; Zeynep Simsek?Harran University; Andre Sourander?Turku University and Turku University Hospital; Jos? Valverde?Peruvian National Institute of Mental Health,; Jan van der Ende?Erasmus University Medical Center-Sophia?s Children?s Hospital; Karla Van Leeuwen?Leuven University; Yen-Tzu Wu?National Taiwan University; Sema Yurdusen?Middle East Technical University; Stephen R. Zubrick?Curtin Centre for Developmental Research, Curtin University of Technology; Frank C. Verhulst?Erasmus University Medical Center-Sophia?s Children?s Hospital.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Other keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorders (ASD)
  • CBCL/1½–5
  • Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA)
  • International
  • Preschool


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