Tíðni bráðrar miðeyrabólgu hjá börnum á svæði heilsugæslustöðvarinnar Borgarnesi

Skúli Bjarnason, Ingþór Friðriksson, Jón Benediktsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this retrospective study the incidence of acute otitis media (AOM) was examined in children up to the age of two years. The study was undertaken in a rural medical district in the west of Iceland with just under 4000 inhabitants. The medical records of 100 children (52 boys and 48 girls) were examined. Before they reached the age of 12 months 48% of the children had had AOM (56% of the boys and 40% of the girls). At 18 months 58% of the children had had AOM (67% of the boys and 48% of the girls) and when 24 months old 66% of the children had had AOM (77% of the boys and 54% of the girls). After the age of 17 months the difference in the cumulative incidence of AOM between the sexes was statistically significant. The mean incidence of AOM at 12 months was 0.70 episode per child (0.83 for boys and 0.56 for girls). At 18 months the incidence had reached 0.99 episode per child (1.13 for boys and 0.83 for girls). At 24 months the incidence was 1.27 episodes per child (1.38 for boys and 1.15 for girls). About 50% of first episodes did occur at the age between 6-9 months and about 50% of all episodes did occur at the age between 6-11 months. At the age of two years the children could be divided into three equally large groups. A third had never had AOM, a third had had one episode and a third had had two or more episodes
Athuguð var tíðni bráðrar miðeyrabólgu hjá börnum á svæði Heilsugæslustöðvarinnar Borgarnesi. Fyrir eins árs aldur fengu 48% barnanna bráða miðeyrabólgu, fyrir 18 mánaða aldur 58% og fyrir tveggja ára aldur 66%. Við eins árs aldur höfðu 32% barnanna fengið bráða miðeyrabólgu einu sinni, 11% tvisvar og 5% þrisvar eða oftar. Við 18 mánaða aldur höfðu 32% barnanna fengið bráða miðeyrabólgu einu sinni, 16% tvisvar og 10% þrisvar eða oftar og við tveggja ára aldur voru samsvarandi tölur 32%, 19% og 15%. Við tveggja ára aldur höfðu 77% drengja og 54% stúlkna fengið bráða miðeyrabólgu og er munurinn marktækur (p<0.05).
Original languageIcelandic
JournalLæknablaðið
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 1991

Other keywords

  • Eyrnabólga
  • Börn
  • Otitis Media
  • Child
  • Iceland

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