Lifun og dánarorsakir barna sem greindust me∂ krabbamein á Íslandi 1981-2006

Translated title of the contribution: Survival and causes of death in children diagnosed with cancer in Iceland 1981-2006

Trausti Óskarsson, Ólafur Gsli Jónsson, Jón R. Kristinsson, Gumundur K. Jónmundsson, Jón Gunnlaugur Jónasson, Ásgeir Haraldsson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Of children diagnosed with cancer, approximately one fourth die of the disease or disease related complications. The aim of this study was to investigate survival and causes of death in children with cancer in Iceland. Methods: This study is retrospective; population based and includes all children, less than 18 years of age, diagnosed with cancer in Iceland from 1981 to 2006. Information was extracted from the Icelandic Cancer Registry, patients hospital records and data from Statistics Iceland. Results: Of 279 children diagnosed with cancer in the research period 215 were alive at the end of 2008. The overall 5-year survival was 81.2% and 10-year survival was 76.7%. There was not a significant survival difference with respect to age at diagnosis, year of diagnosis, gender or geographical residence. The small cohort size could be the explanation. Eleven individuals developed secondary neoplasm, eight of whom died. Sixteen of the 64 nonsurvivors were treated with curative intent until death, 12 of them died of therapy related complications. Conclusions: Survival rate in childhood cancer in Iceland is comparable to other Western countries. As previously reported, prognosis of patients with secondary neoplasm is unfavorable. Therapy related complications are the most common cause of death in patients treated with curative intent.

Translated title of the contributionSurvival and causes of death in children diagnosed with cancer in Iceland 1981-2006
Original languageNorwegian
Pages (from-to)675-680
Number of pages6
JournalLaeknabladid
Volume96
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Other keywords

  • Childhood cancer
  • Epidemiology
  • Survival

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