Sugar-sweetened beverage intakes among adults between 1990 and 2018 in 185 countries

Laura Lara-Castor*, Renata Micha, Frederick Cudhea, Victoria Miller, Peilin Shi, Jianyi Zhang, Julia R. Sharib, Josh Erndt-Marino, Sean B. Cash, Dariush Mozaffarian*, Murat Bas, Jemal Haidar Ali, Suhad Abumweis, Anand Krishnan, Puneet Misra, Nahla Chawkat Hwalla, Chandrashekar Janakiram, Nur Indrawaty Liputo, Abdulrahman Musaiger, Farhad PourfarziIftikhar Alam, Karin DeRidder, Celine Termote, Anjum Memon, Aida Turrini, Elisabetta Lupotto, Raffaela Piccinelli, Stefania Sette, Karim Anzid, Marieke Vossenaar, Paramita Mazumdar, Ingrid Rached, Alicia Rovirosa, María Elisa Zapata, Tamene Taye Asayehu, Francis Oduor, Julia Boedecker, Lilian Aluso, Johana Ortiz-Ulloa, J. V. Meenakshi, Michelle Castro, Giuseppe Grosso, Anna Waskiewicz, Umber S. Khan, Anastasia Thanopoulou, Reza Malekzadeh, Neville Calleja, Marga Ocke, Zohreh Etemad, Mohannad Al Nsour, Lydiah M. Waswa, Eha Nurk, Joanne Arsenault, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Abla Mehio Sibai, Albertino Damasceno, Carukshi Arambepola, Carla Lopes, Milton Severo, Nuno Lunet, Duarte Torres, Heli Tapanainen, Jaana Lindstrom, Suvi Virtanen, Cristina Palacios, Eva Roos, Imelda Angeles Agdeppa, Josie Desnacido, Mario Capanzana, Anoop Misra, Ilse Khouw, Swee Ai Ng, Edna Gamboa Delgado, Mauricio Caballero, Johanna Otero, Hae Jeung Lee, Eda Koksal, Idris Guessous, Carl Lachat, Stefaan De Henauw, Ali Reza Rahbar, Alison Tedstone, Androniki Naska, Angie Mathee, Annie Ling, Bemnet Tedla, Beth Hopping, Brahmam Ginnela, Catherine Leclercq, Charmaine Duante, Christian Haerpfer, Christine Hotz, Christos Pitsavos, Colin Rehm, Coline van Oosterhout, Corazon Cerdena, Debbie Bradshaw, Dimitrios Trichopoulos, Dorothy Gauci, Dulitha Fernando, Elzbieta Sygnowska, Erkki Vartiainen, Farshad Farzadfar, Gabor Zajkas, Gillian Swan, Guansheng Ma, Gulden Pekcan, Hajah Masni Ibrahim, Harri Sinkko, Helene Enghardt Barbieri, Isabelle Sioen, Jannicke Myhre, Jean Michel Gaspoz, Jillian Odenkirk, Kanitta Bundhamcharoen, Keiu Nelis, Khairul Zarina, Lajos Biro, Lars Johansson, Laufey Steingrimsdottir, Leanne Riley, Mabel Yap, Manami Inoue, Maria Szabo, Marja Leena Ovaskainen, Meei Shyuan Lee, Mei Fen Chan, Melanie Cowan, Mirnalini Kandiah, Ola Kally, Olof Jonsdottir, Pam Palmer, Peter Vollenweider, Philippos Orfanos, Renzo Asciak, Robert Templeton, Rokiah Don, Roseyati Yaakub, Rusidah Selamat, Safiah Yusof, Sameer Al-Zenki, Shu Yi Hung, Sigrid Beer-Borst, Suh Wu, Widjaja Lukito, Wilbur Hadden, Wulf Becker, Xia Cao, Yi Ma, Yuen Lai, Zaiton Hjdaud, Jennifer Ali, Ron Gravel, Tina Tao, Jacob Lennert Veerman, Shashi Chiplonkar, Mustafa Arici, Le Tran Ngoan, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Yanping Li, Antonia Trichopoulou, Noel Barengo, Anuradha Khadilkar, Veena Ekbote, Noushin Mohammadifard, Irina Kovalskys, Avula Laxmaiah, Harikumar Rachakulla, Hemalatha Rajkumar, Indrapal Meshram, Laxmaiah Avula, Nimmathota Arlappa, Rajkumar Hemalatha, Licia Iacoviello, Marialaura Bonaccio, Simona Costanzo, Yves Martin-Prevel, Katia Castetbon, Nattinee Jitnarin, Yao Te Hsieh, Sonia Olivares, Gabriela Tejeda, Aida Hadziomeragic, Amanda de Moura Souza, Wen Harn Pan, Inge Huybrechts, Alan de Brauw, Mourad Moursi, Maryam Maghroun, Augustin Nawidimbasba Zeba, Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Lital Keinan-Boker, Rebecca Goldsmith, Tal Shimony, Irmgard Jordan, Shivanand C. Mastiholi, Moses Mwangi, Yeri Kombe, Zipporah Bukania, Eman Alissa, Nasser Al-Daghri, Shaun Sabico, Martin Gulliford, Tshilenge S. Diba, Kyungwon Oh, Sanghui Kweon, Sihyun Park, Yoonsu Cho, Suad Al-Hooti, Chanthaly Luangphaxay, Daovieng Douangvichit, Latsamy Siengsounthone, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Constance Rybak, Amy Luke, Noppawan Piaseu, Nipa Rojroongwasinkul, Kalyana Sundram, Jeremy Koster, Donka Baykova, Parvin Abedi, Sandjaja Sandjaja, Fariza Fadzil, Noriklil Bukhary Ismail Bukhary, Pascal Bovet, Yu Chen, Norie Sawada, Shoichiro Tsugane, Lalka Rangelova, Stefka Petrova, Vesselka Duleva, Anna Karin Lindroos, Jessica Petrelius Sipinen, Lotta Moraeus, Per Bergman, Ward Siamusantu, Lucjan Szponar, Hsing Yi Chang, Makiko Sekiyama, Khanh Le Nguyen Bao, Balakrishna Nagalla, Kalpagam Polasa, Sesikeran Boindala, Jalila El Ati, Ivonne Ramirez Silva, Juan Rivera Dommarco, Simon Barquera, Sonia Rodríguez-Ramírez, Daniel Illescas-Zarate, Luz Maria Sanchez-Romero, Nayu Ikeda, Sahar Zaghloul, Anahita Houshiar-rad, Fatemeh Mohammadi-Nasrabadi, Morteza Abdollahi, Khun Aik Chuah, Zaleha Abdullah Mahdy, Alison Eldridge, Eric L. Ding, Herculina Kruger, Sigrun Henjum, Anne Fernandez, Milton Fabian Suarez-Ortegon, Nawal Al-Hamad, Veronika Janská, Reema Tayyem, Parvin Mirmiran, Roya Kelishadi, Eva Warensjo Lemming, Almut Richter, Gert Mensink, Lothar Wieler, Daniel Hoffman, Benoit Salanave, Cho il Kim, Rebecca Kuriyan-Raj, Sumathi Swaminathan, Didier Garriguet, Saeed Dastgiri, Sirje Vaask, Tilakavati Karupaiah, Fatemeh Vida Zohoori, Alireza Esteghamati, Maryam Hashemian, Sina Noshad, Elizabeth Mwaniki, Elizabeth Yakes-Jimenez, Justin Chileshe, Sydney Mwanza, Lydia Lera Marques, Alan Martin Preston, Samuel Duran Aguero, Mariana Oleas, Luz Posada, Angelica Ochoa, Khadijah Shamsuddin, Zalilah Mohd Shariff, Hamid Jan Bin Jan Mohamed, Wan Manan, Anca Nicolau, Cornelia Tudorie, Bee Koon Poh, Pamela Abbott, Mohammadreza Pakseresht, Sangita Sharma, Tor Strand, Ute Alexy, Ute Nöthlings, Jan Carmikle, Ken Brown, Indu Waidyatilaka, Pulani Lanerolle, Ranil Jayawardena, Julie M. Long, K. Michael Hambidge, Nancy F. Krebs, Aminul Haque, Gudrun B. Keding, Liisa Korkalo, Maijaliisa Erkkola, Riitta Freese, Laila Eleraky, Wolfgang Stuetz, Inga Thorsdottir, Ingibjorg Gunnarsdottir, Lluis Serra-Majem, Foong Ming Moy, Simon Anderson, Rajesh Jeewon, Corina Aurelia Zugravu, Linda Adair, Shu Wen Ng, Sheila Skeaff, Dirce Marchioni, Regina Fisberg, Carol Henry, Getahun Ersino, Gordon Zello, Alexa Meyer, Ibrahim Elmadfa, Claudette Mitchell, David Balfour, Johanna M. Geleijnse, Mark Manary, Tatyana El-kour, Laetitia Nikiema, Masoud Mirzaei, Rubina Hakeem

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are associated with cardiometabolic diseases and social inequities. For most nations, recent estimates and trends of intake are not available; nor variation by education or urbanicity. We investigated SSB intakes among adults between 1990 and 2018 in 185 countries, stratified subnationally by age, sex, education, and rural/urban residence, using data from the Global Dietary Database. In 2018, mean global SSB intake was 2.7 (8 oz = 248 grams) servings/week (95% UI 2.5-2.9) (range: 0.7 (0.5-1.1) in South Asia to 7.8 (7.1-8.6) in Latin America/Caribbean). Intakes were higher in male vs. female, younger vs. older, more vs. less educated, and urban vs. rural adults. Variations by education and urbanicity were largest in Sub-Saharan Africa. Between 1990 and 2018, SSB intakes increased by +0.37 (+0.29, +0.47), with the largest increase in Sub-Saharan Africa. These findings inform intervention, surveillance, and policy actions worldwide, highlighting the growing problem of SSBs for public health in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5957
Pages (from-to)5957
JournalNature Communications
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

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© 2023, Springer Nature Limited.

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