Stress decreases, while central nucleus amygdala lesions increase, IL-8 and MIP-1α gene expression during tissue healing in non-human primates

Ned H. Kalin, Steven E. Shelton, Christopher G. Engeland, H. Magnus Haraldsson, Phillip T. Marucha*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Stress impairs healing and in part this effect is thought to be mediated by glucocorticoids. However, the brain systems that underlie the effects of stress on healing remain to be determined. Since the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) plays a role in mediating an individual's behavioral and physiological reactivity to stress, we investigated, in rhesus monkeys, whether selective lesions of the CeA altered the gene expression of chemokines (IL-8 and MIP-1α) that are associated with early dermal healing. We used rhesus monkeys because they provide an excellent animal model to investigate brain mechanisms relevant to human stress, anxiety, and psychopathology. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) activity was assessed in the monkeys prior to the wound healing experiment demonstrating that the CeA lesions reduce HPA activity. In the healing experiment, stress decreased IL-8 and MIP-1α gene expression in both CeA lesioned and non-lesioned animals. Conversely, the CeA lesions increased the tissue expression of IL-8 and MIP-1α mRNA prior to and after stress exposure. These results demonstrate that in primates the CeA is a key brain region involved in the regulation of processes associated with wound healing. Because of brain and behavioral similarities between rhesus monkeys and humans, these results are particularly relevant to understanding brain mechanisms that influence healing in humans.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)564-568
Number of pages5
JournalBrain, Behavior, and Immunity
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2006

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We are grateful to H. Van Valkenberg, T. Johnson, J. King, and the staff at the Harlow Center for Biological Psychology and the National Primate Research Center at the University of Wisconsin for their technical support. This work was supported by Grants P50 DE-13749, MH46729, MH52354, MH61083, the Health Emotions Research Institute, and Meriter Hospital.

Other keywords

  • CeA
  • Chemokine
  • HPA axis
  • Inflammation
  • Rhesus monkey
  • Stress
  • Wound healing
  • Stress, Psychological
  • Macaca mulatta


Dive into the research topics of 'Stress decreases, while central nucleus amygdala lesions increase, IL-8 and MIP-1α gene expression during tissue healing in non-human primates'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this