Stochastic models for simulation of strong ground motion in Iceland

Símon Ólafsson, Svein Remseth, Ragnar Sigbjörnsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Two types of modelling approaches for simulating ground motion in Iceland are studied and compared. The first type of models, named discrete-time series models (ARMA), are based solely on measured acceleration in earthquakes occurring in Iceland. The second type of models are based on a theoretical seismic source model called the extended Brune model. Based on measured acceleration in Iceland during the period 1986-1996, the parameters for the extended Brune models have been estimated. The seismic source models are presented here as ARMA models, which simplifies the simulation process. A single-layer soil amplification model is used in conjunction with the extended Brune model to estimate local site amplification. Emphasis is put on the ground motion models representing the variability in the measured earthquakes, with respect to energy, duration and frequency content. Demonstration is made using these models for constructing linear and non-linear probabilistic response spectra using a discretised version of the Bouc-Wen model for the hysteresis of the second-order system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1305-1331
Number of pages27
JournalEarthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2001

Other keywords

  • ARMA models
  • Attenuation
  • Ground motion
  • r.m.s. acceleration
  • Response simulation
  • Seismic source models


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