Sociodemographic Differences in the Prevalence of Self‐Reported Headache in Icelandic School‐Children

Gúdrun Kristjánsdóttir*, Vivian Wahlberg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Citations (Scopus)


SYNOPSIS The study considers the prevalence of headache experiences in a random national sample of 2140 Icelandic 11‐12 and 15‐16 year‐old school‐children. The study finds an overall 21.9% prevalence of "at least weekly" headache. The prevalence is significantly higher among younger children end among girls. The gender difference is found to be related to the fact that older boys have a markedly lower prevalence than younger boys. No gender difference is observed in the younger group. Social class interacts with gender, with the gender difference leveling out in the upper class. The frequency of headache experiences correlates with last months use of medication to relieve headache. The high overall prevalence of headache found in this study agrees with earlier findings, and is a matter of concern since little is being done to counter this problem of discomfort among school‐children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)376-380
Number of pages5
JournalHeadache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1993

Other keywords

  • age
  • gender
  • headache
  • health service use
  • pain‐medication
  • school‐children


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