Societal and environmental impact of high energy return on investment (EROI) energy access

Reynir Smari Atlason*, Runar Unnthorsson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The Icelandic society is conveniently located where the Eurasian and North-American tectonic plates meet. This allows for relatively easy and cheap access to geothermal energy. Icelanders have benefited from this since settlement, first through direct use of the warm water but later on by co-producing electricity. The nation also benefits from large glacial rivers, offering potential for energy harvesting. This chapter explores the various benefits from utilising renewable energy, using Iceland as a case study. This is demonstrated by exploring the energy return on investment (EROI) for the Nesjavellir geothermal and Fljotsdalsstod hydro power plant and the CO 2 mitigation provided by the resources as the Icelandic society no longer needs to rely on fossil fuels for electricity and heating. This chapter demonstrates systematically how societies may benefit ecologically but also energetically from access to renewable energy sources.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRenewable Energies
Subtitle of host publicationBusiness Outlook 2050
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9783319453644
ISBN (Print)9783319453620
Publication statusPublished - 16 Feb 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018.


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