Sex differences in reported and objectively measured sleep in COPD

Jenny Theorell-Haglöw, Inga Sif Ólafsdóttir, Bryndís Benediktsdóttir, Thorarinn Gislason, Eva Lindberg, Christer Janson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim was to assess and compare reported sleep disturbances and objectively measured sleep in men and women with COPD compared with controls and also explore sex differences.
A total of 96 patients with COPD and 90 age- and sex-matched controls answered a sleep questionnaire, underwent ambulatory polysomnography, a post-bronchodilatory spirometry, and blood sampling.
Of the patients with COPD, 51% reported sleep disturbances as compared with 31% in controls (P=0.008). Sleep disturbances were significantly more prevalent in males with COPD compared with controls, whereas there was no significant difference in females. The use of hypnotics was more common among patients with COPD compared with controls, both in men (15% vs 0%, P=0.009) and women (36% vs 16%, P=0.03). The men with COPD had significantly longer recorded sleep latency than the male control group (23 vs 9.3 minutes, P<0.001), while no corresponding difference was found in women. In men with COPD, those with reported sleep disturbances had lower forced vital capacity, higher C-reactive protein, myeloperoxidase, and higher prevalence of chronic bronchitis.
The COPD was associated with impaired sleep in men while the association was less clear in women. This was also confirmed by recorded longer sleep latency in male subjects with COPD compared with controls.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages151
JournalInternational Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2016

Other keywords

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Sleep
  • Polysomnography
  • Quality of sleep
  • Sex
  • Svefn
  • Svefntruflanir
  • Kynferði
  • Langvinn lungnateppa
  • Karlar
  • Konur
  • PAD12
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
  • Male
  • Female

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