TY - JOUR

T1 - Self-induction and magnetic effects in electron transport through a photon cavity

AU - Gudmundsson, Vidar

AU - Abdullah, Nzar Rauf

AU - Tang, Chi Shung

AU - Manolescu, Andrei

AU - Moldoveanu, Valeriu

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.

PY - 2021/3

Y1 - 2021/3

N2 - We explore higher order dynamical effects in the transport through a two-dimensional nanoscale electron system embedded in a three-dimensional far-infrared photon cavity. The nanoscale system is considered to be a short quantum wire with a single circular quantum dot defined in a GaAs heterostructure. The whole system, the external leads and the central system are placed in a constant perpendicular magnetic field. The Coulomb interaction of the electrons, the para- and diamagnetic electron-photon interactions are all treated by a numerically exact diagonalization using step-wise truncations of the appropriate many-body Fock spaces. We focus on the difference in transport properties between a description within an electric dipole approximation and a description including all higher order terms in a single photon mode model. We find small effects mostly caused by an electrical quadrupole and a magnetic dipole terms that depend strongly on the polarization of the cavity field with respect to the transport direction and the photon energy. When the polarization is aligned along the transport direction we find indications of a weak self-induction that we analyze and compare to the classical counterpart, and the self-energy contribution of high-order interaction terms to the states the electrons cascade through on their way through the system. Like expected the electron-photon interaction is well described in the dipole approximation when it is augmented by the lowest order diamagnetic part for a nanoscale system in a cavity in an external magnetic field.

AB - We explore higher order dynamical effects in the transport through a two-dimensional nanoscale electron system embedded in a three-dimensional far-infrared photon cavity. The nanoscale system is considered to be a short quantum wire with a single circular quantum dot defined in a GaAs heterostructure. The whole system, the external leads and the central system are placed in a constant perpendicular magnetic field. The Coulomb interaction of the electrons, the para- and diamagnetic electron-photon interactions are all treated by a numerically exact diagonalization using step-wise truncations of the appropriate many-body Fock spaces. We focus on the difference in transport properties between a description within an electric dipole approximation and a description including all higher order terms in a single photon mode model. We find small effects mostly caused by an electrical quadrupole and a magnetic dipole terms that depend strongly on the polarization of the cavity field with respect to the transport direction and the photon energy. When the polarization is aligned along the transport direction we find indications of a weak self-induction that we analyze and compare to the classical counterpart, and the self-energy contribution of high-order interaction terms to the states the electrons cascade through on their way through the system. Like expected the electron-photon interaction is well described in the dipole approximation when it is augmented by the lowest order diamagnetic part for a nanoscale system in a cavity in an external magnetic field.

KW - Cavity quantum electrodynamics

KW - Electronic transport in nanoscale systems

KW - Magneto-optical effects

KW - Self-induction

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85097561170&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.physe.2020.114544

DO - 10.1016/j.physe.2020.114544

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85097561170

SN - 1386-9477

VL - 127

JO - Physica E: Low-Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures

JF - Physica E: Low-Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures

M1 - 114544

ER -