Seismicity associated with the reactivation of Nevado del Ruiz, Colombia, July 1985 - December 1986

H. Alvaro, E. Nieto, Bryndís Brandsdóttir, Fernando Muñoz C

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Renewed activity of Nevado del Ruiz was first evidenced in November 1984 by increased fumarolic activity and felt earthquakes. This increased activity prompted an installation of seismometers on the volcano in July 1985. Earthquakes recorded in 1985 indicate that most of the seismic activity prior to the eruption on November 13, 1985, was confined to an L-shaped epicentral zone beneath the summit of the volcano. A swarm prior to the November eruption originated west of the summit. Telemetered stations installed after the eruption enabled better locations of post-eruptive activity. Majority of located post-eruptive earthquakes originate within 5 km of the summit at a depth less than 7 km and only few exceeded magnitude 3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-326
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
Volume41
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 1990

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was financed by a grant from the parliament of Iceland and carried out at the Science Institute of the University of Iceland in cooperation with the Volcanological Institutes in Colombia and Iceland. The data presented here was provided by the seismological section of the Observatorio Vulcanoldgico de Colombia. We thank Gudmundur H. Gudmundsson for helping with the computer work and Clara I. Restrepo for drafting. Reviews by Pfill Einarsson, Eysteinn Tryggvason, Jim Zollweg and Stanley Williams substantially improved the manuscript.

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