The increased incidence of the metabolic syndrome, characterized by insulin resistance, visceral adiposity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and a systemic proinflammatory state, greatly increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. These clinical conditions are multifactorial in origin and treatment, having a strong dietary determinant. Currently, the most promising approach to mitigate obesity and metabolic syndrome is lifestyle intervention, weight reduction, decreased total and saturated fat consumption, and increased physical activity. In this sense, traditional foods, considered as functional foods, could be an important choice helping in the treatment of obesity and metabolic syndrome features. Functional foods consumed in an adequate amount on a healthy diet could improve the benefits associated to weight loss and reduce the metabolic syndrome features. Specifically, seafood has been considered as a functional food since their properties are not only nutritional, but also have been related with the improvement of several cardiovascular risk factors. Benefits include lower risk of primary cardiac arrest, reduced cardiovascular mortality, particularly sudden cardiac death, reduced triglyceride levels, increased high density lipoprotein levels, improved endothelial functions, reduced platelet aggregability, and lower blood pressure. Thus, healthy diets that avoid excess energy intake, reduce saturated fat and include seafood consumption may be a key component in the nutritional treatment of obesity and metabolic syndrome features.
|Title of host publication||Food Science and Security|
|Publisher||Nova Science Publishers, Inc.|
|Number of pages||14|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2009|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2009 Nova Science Publishers, Inc.