Primitive Directionality and Diachronic Grounding

Naoyuki Kajimoto*, Kristie Miller, James Norton

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Eternalists believe that there is no ontological difference between the past, present and future. Thus, a challenge arises: in virtue of what does time have a direction? Some eternalists (including Maudlin (2007), Oaklander (2012) and Tegtmeier (1996, 2009, 2014, 2016)) argue that the direction of time is primitive. A natural response to positing primitive directionality is the suspicion that said posit is too mysterious to do any explanatory work. The aim of this paper is to relieve primitive directionality of some of its mystery by offering a novel way to understand the phenomenon in terms of the recently popularised notion of grounding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-211
Number of pages17
JournalActa Analytica
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2020

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© 2019, Springer Nature B.V.


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