Partitioning of Holocene kinematics and interaction between the Theistareykir Fissure Swarm and the Husavik-Flatey Fault, North Iceland

A. Tibaldi*, F. L. Bonali, P. Einarsson, A. R. Hjartardóttir, F. A. Pasquarè Mariotto

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Our research is aimed at contributing to the general understanding of how transform-rift junctions work, a topic that can be studied in exceptional detail in North Iceland, where the active transform Husavik-Flatey Fault (HFF) connects with the Gudfinnugja Fault (GF), the westernmost structure of the Theistareykir Fissure Swarm (TFS). We studied in the field: i) offsets along the easternmost HFF, ii) the geometry and kinematics of 649 faults and 1208 tension fractures in the TFS, iii) the interactions among all these structures. The HFF transtensional kinematics is compatible with the GF, which shows different offsets north and south of the junction between these two faults. We suggest the possible prolongation of the HFF beyond the junction, based on: i) the change in offsets and strikes of TFS normal faults, ii) the presence of en-échelon, NNW-SSE-striking normal faults and tension fractures with a slight right-lateral component, iii) the transition of some of the faults into tension fractures north of the prolongation of the HFF, and iv) the decrease in the cumulated offset of all the faults north of the HFF prolongation. We interpret these data as field evidence of the first stages of propagation of the HFF upward or across the TFS: This has clear implications for defining the potential rupture length of the HFF and, hence, for seismic hazard assessment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-155
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Structural Geology
Volume83
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd.

Other keywords

  • Iceland
  • Normal fault
  • Tension fracture
  • Theistareykir fissure swarm
  • Transform fault

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