Establishing transcriptional regulatory networks (TRNs) in bacteria has been limited to well-characterized model strains. Using machine learning methods, we established the transcriptional regulatory networks of six Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium strains from their transcriptomes. By decomposing a compendia of RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data with independent component analysis, we obtained 400 independently modulated sets of genes, called iModulons. We (i) performed pan-genome analysis of the phylogroup structure of S. Typhimurium and analyzed the iModulons against this background, (ii) revealed different genetic signatures in pathogenicity islands that explained phenotypes, (iii) discovered three transport iModulons linked to antibiotic resistance, (iv) described concerted responses to cationic antimicrobial peptides, and (v) uncovered new regulons. Thus, by combining pan-genome and transcriptomic analytics, we revealed variations in TRNs across six strains of serovar Typhimurium.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2022 Yuan et al.
- gene regulation
- Salmonella Typhimurium
- systems biology