On the Relation Between Social Dominance Orientation and Environmentalism: A 25-Nation Study

Taciano L. Milfont, Paul G. Bain, Yoshihisa Kashima, Victor Corral-Verdugo, Carlota Pasquali, Lars-Olof Johansson, Yanjun Guan, Valdiney V. Gouveia, Ragna B. Garðarsdóttir, Guy Doron, Michał Bilewicz, Akira Utsugi, Juan Ignacio Aragones, Linda Steg, Martin Soland, Joonha Park, Siegmar Otto, Christophe Demarque, Claire Wagner, Ole Jacob MadsenNadezhda Lebedeva, Roberto González, P. Wesley Schultz, José L. Saiz, Tim Kurz, Robert Gifford, Charity S. Akotia, Nína M. Saviolidis, Gró Einarsdóttir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Approval of hierarchy and inequality in society indexed by social dominance orientation (SDO) extends to support for human dominance over the natural world. We tested this negative association between SDO and environmentalism and the validity of the new Short Social Dominance Orientation Scale in two cross-cultural samples of students (N = 4,163, k = 25) and the general population (N = 1,237, k = 10). As expected, the higher people were on SDO, the less likely they were to engage in environmental citizenship actions, pro-environmental behaviors and to donate to an environmental organization. Multilevel moderation results showed that the SDO–environmentalism relation was stronger in societies with marked societal inequality, lack of societal development, and environmental standards. The results highlight the interplay between individual psychological orientations and social context, as well as the view of nature subscribed to by those high in SDO.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)802-814
Number of pages13
JournalSocial Psychological and Personality Science
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Valdiney V. Gouveia is Professor of psychology at the Federal University of Paraiba, Brazil, and a funded researcher by the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development. With 16 authored/edited books and over 200 articles, he developed the Functional Theory of Human Values and investigates applications of the psychology of human values to understanding and solving social and environmental issues. His latest books are Functional Theory of Human Values (Casa do Psicólogo, 2013) and Functional Theory of Human Values: Areas of Study and Applications (Vetor, 2016).

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: Australian Research Council Discovery Project Grants to PGB (DP0984678) and to YK (DP130102229); Marsden Fast-Start Grant (E1908) from The Royal Society of New Zealand to TLM; MNISW Iuventus Plus Grant (IP2014 002273) to MB; the FONDECYT (1161371), by the Centre for Social Conflict and Cohesion Studies (FONDAP 15130009) and Center for Intercultural and Indigenous Research (FONDAP 15110006) to RG; the Center for Intercultural and Indigenous Research (FONDAP 15110006) to JLS; and the Government of the Russian Federation within the framework of the implementation of the 5-100 Programme Roadmap of the National Research University Higher School of Economics to N.L.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2017.

Other keywords

  • cross-cultural research
  • environmentalism
  • social context
  • social dominance orientation

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