Motor development: Exploring the motor competence of 4-year-old Norwegian children

Hermundur Sigmundsson, Marianne StØlan Rostoft

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35 Citations (Scopus)


This study set out to explore motor competence in 4-year-old children. This age group has not been previously tested in Norway. Ninety-one 4-year-old children from ten nursery schools were tested using the Movement ABC test. The most striking finding was that only one out of 91 children would be classified as clumsy within the fifth percentile of the USA norms, with seven children being 'borderline'. The study also showed that out of the eight children failing in the motor impaired and borderline groups, seven were boys. Clear sex differences were also apparent in the development of motor skills. On the total scores and in the two of three sections (manual dexterity and balance) boys were significantly worse than girls. There were no significant differences between the sexes with respect to ball skills competence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)451-459
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Phytoremediation
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2003

Other keywords

  • Motor Development
  • Motor Impaired Children
  • Motor Learning
  • Nature-nurture, Sex Differences


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