Molecular methods for epidemiological and diagnostic studies of fungal infections

Magnus Gottfredsson, Gary M. Cox, John R. Perfect*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Over the past two decades there has been a remarkable increase in the incidence of invasive fungal infections. Molecular methods, such as karyotyping, restriction analysis and polymerase chain reaction (PCR), have now been applied to improve our current understanding of the epidemiology of these fungal infections. For example, investigations on nosocomial outbreaks of fungal infections have been greatly facilitated by molecular methods. In addition, the ability to diagnose and identify deep-seated mycoses may be enhanced by the use of molecular techniques. In the near future it is possible that PCR-based methods will supplement, or perhaps even replace, traditional methods for detection of Candida albicans blood stream infections, invasive aspergillosis and Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. This review examines the progress of molecular biology into the clinical arena of fungal epidemiology, laboratory identification and diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)405-418
Number of pages14
JournalPathology
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors thank Dr R. Hopfer for helpful suggestions on the ·manuscript. MG is supported in part by a NATO Science Fellowship and by the Bergth6ra Magmisd6ttir and Jakob J. Bjarnason memorial fund. This work was also supported by Public Health Service grants AI01334 (GMC) and AI28388 (JRP) from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, and as part of the Veterans Affairs Research Center on AIDS and mv infection (JRP).

Other keywords

  • Aspergillus fimigatus
  • Candida albicans
  • Cryptococcus neoformans
  • Diagnosis
  • DNA fingerprinting
  • DNA probes
  • Epidemiology
  • Fungal infections
  • Molecular biology
  • Pcr fingerprinting
  • Polymerase chain reaction
  • Random amplification of polymorphic DNA restriction enzyme analysis
  • Restriction length fragment polymorphism

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