Metabolomic analysis of platelets during storage: A comparison between apheresis- and buffy coat-derived platelet concentrates

Giuseppe Paglia, Ólafur E. Sigurjónsson*, Óttar Rolfsson, Morten Bagge Hansen, Sigurour Brynjólfsson, Sveinn Gudmundsson, Bernhard O. Palsson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Platelet concentrates (PCs) can be prepared using three methods: platelet (PLT)-rich plasma, apheresis, and buffy coat. The aim of this study was to obtain a comprehensive data set that describes metabolism of buffy coat-derived PLTs during storage and to compare it with a previously published parallel data set obtained for apheresis-derived PLTs. Study Design and Methods: During storage we measured more than 150 variables in 8 PLT units, prepared by the buffy coat method. Samples were collected at seven different time points resulting in a data set containing more than 8000 measurements. This data set was obtained by combining a series of standard quality control assays to monitor the quality of stored PLTs and a deep coverage metabolomics study using liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. Results: Stored PLTs showed a distinct metabolic transition occurring 4days after their collection. The transition was evident in PLT produced by both production methods. Apheresis-derived PLTs showed a clearer phenotype of PLT activation during early days of storage. The activated phenotype of apheresis PLTs was accompanied by a higher metabolic activity, especially related to glycolysis and the tricarboxylic acid cycle. Moreover, the extent of the activation differed between bags resulting in interbag variability in the storage lesion of apheresis-prepared PLTs. This may be related to donor-related polymorphism. Conclusion: This study demonstrated two discrete metabolic phenotypes in stored PLTs prepared with both apheresis and buffy coat methods. PLT activation occurs during the first metabolic phenotype and might lead to a low reproducibility of the apheresis PCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-313
Number of pages13
JournalTransfusion
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2015

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© 2014 AABB.

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