Longitudinal assessment of COVID-19 fear and psychological wellbeing in the United Kingdom

Martyn Quigley*, Seb Whiteford, Gemma Cameron, Daniel V. Zuj, Simon Dymond

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to impact global psychological wellbeing. To investigate the sustained impact of COVID-19 on wellbeing, the current study longitudinally assessed fear of COVID-19, anxiety, depression, intolerance of uncertainty, worry, sleep quality, loneliness and alcohol use during the pandemic in the United Kingdom. Timepoint 1 (T1; N = 445) took place in February 2021 following the highest number of pandemic-related deaths in the UK. Timepoint 2 (T2, N = 198) took place in June 2021 when pandemic-related deaths had declined considerably, and many had been vaccinated. At T1, COVID-19 fear predicted elevated levels of anxiety, depression, intolerance of uncertainty, worry, sleep quality and loneliness. At T2, we observed that levels of COVID-19 fear, depression, loneliness and sleep quality decreased. However, COVID-19 fear continued to predict elevated intolerance of uncertainty, worry and impaired sleep quality. These findings demonstrate the longitudinal impact of COVID-19 fear on psychological wellbeing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13591053221134848
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Nov 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This work was supported by the Welsh Government Office for Science (Ser Cymru Tackling COVID-19) grant (WG Project Number 95).

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2022.

Other keywords

  • COVID-19
  • longitudinal
  • pandemic
  • United Kingdom
  • wellbeing

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