Long-Term Effect of Receiving a Family Strengths-Oriented Intervention on Family Cancer Caregiver Stress, Anxiety, and Depression Symptoms: A Longitudinal Quasi-Experimental Study

Ásta Bjarney Pétursdóttir*, Mary Kay Rayens, Valgerður Sigurðardóttir, Erla Kolbrún Svavarsdóttir

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this longitudinal study was to evaluate the long-term effects of providing a therapeutic conversation intervention, based on Family Systems Nursing, to family caregivers of a close relative with advanced cancer over the period before and during bereavement. To prevent adverse outcomes, caregivers need ongoing support that begins pre-loss and extends into the post-loss period. This study employed a one-group pre-test, post-test quasi-experimental design. Twenty-four caregivers participated in two intervention trials conducted over a 42-month period, receiving two intervention sessions pre-loss (Trial 1) and one intervention session post-loss (Trial 2). Significant decreases in anxiety and stress were noted over the three post-loss assessments. The final post-loss stress outcome was significantly lower than the first pre-loss score. For the depression score, there was not a significant change over time within the pre- or post-loss period. The findings provide evidence of decreasing anxiety and stress following the implementation of an extended family nursing intervention for bereaved family caregivers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-123
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Family Nursing
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

This study was supported by the LUH Scientific fund; the Scientific Fund of the Nurses Association in Iceland; and the Research Fund of Ingibjorg R. Magnusdottir.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2021.

Other keywords

  • advanced cancer
  • bereavement
  • family caregiver
  • Family Systems Nursing
  • longitudinal research
  • palliative care

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