Licit and Illicit Substance Use by Adolescent E-Cigarette Users Compared with Conventional Cigarette Smokers, Dual Users, and Nonusers

Alfgeir L. Kristjansson*, Michael J. Mann, Inga Dora Sigfusdottir

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose Compare the lifetime prevalence of eight forms of substance use (alcohol, drunkenness, oral tobacco, snuff, sleeping pills/tranquilizers, sniffed glue, marijuana, and amphetamine) among adolescent e-cigarette (EC) users, conventional cigarette (CC) smokers, dual users, and nonusers. Methods We analyzed population-level school-survey data collected from 10th-grade students (aged 15-16 years) in February 2015 in Iceland (N = 3,477; response rate, 84.4%). Results Smoking rates were similar for both sexes. Around 17% had used ECs and almost 8% had used ECs and not combustible tobacco, 5%-6% had smoked CCs but not ECs, around 9% were dual users. EC-only users were significantly more likely than nonusers to have used the eight substances investigated in the study but were less likely to have used these substances than CC smokers and dual users. Conclusion The four groups assessed in this study appear to form a sequential risk gradient to the use of other substances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)562-564
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume57
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine.

Other keywords

  • Electronic cigarettes
  • Iceland
  • Primary prevention
  • Smokeless tobacco
  • Vapors

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