Incorporation of strong motion duration in incremental-based seismic assessments

Mohammadreza Mashayekhi*, Mojtaba Harati, Atefe Darzi, Homayoon E. Estekanchi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study proposes a new approach to incorporate motion duration in incremental dynamic assessments. In the proposed methodology, at each intensity level, a simulation-based approach which is verified with actual data is employed to determine the median duration and the median acceleration spectra of ground motions expected to occur at the site. Afterward, at each intensity level, artificial or spectrally matched motions are produced based on the median acceleration spectra and the median duration, indicating that different intensity levels are directly covered by the generated artificial or adjusted motions rather than just scaling up and down a set of recorded ground motions. In the proposed methodology, duration and acceleration spectral shape changes against intensity level while they remain the same for different intensity levels in approach where responses are derived by scaling up and down of a set of ground motions. The functional relationship between duration and seismic intensity level, which is vital for the estimation of median duration at each intensity level, is firstly investigated for the sites with different soil conditions and rupture distances. Not only is it demonstrated that the data can fit into exponential functions, but the sensitivity of the functions against different parameters is also explored as well. The proposed duration-consistent incremental seismic assessment is used in nonlinear seismic assessment of two single degree of freedom structures—with and without a degrading behavior capability. It is revealed that when changes in duration and spectral shape of the motions at different intensity levels are considered in the nonlinear dynamic analysis, an impactful influence that cannot be easily ignored is witnessed in the structural responses of incremental analyses.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111144
JournalEngineering Structures
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd

Other keywords

  • Incremental dynamic analysis
  • Intensity measure
  • Monte Carlo simulation
  • Strong ground motion duration


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