Identification, cDNA cloning, and characterization of luteinizing hormone beta subunit (Lhb) gene in Catla catla

Mohd Ashraf Rather, Irfan Ahmad Bhat, Rupam Sharma*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Reproductive hormones play a significant role in the gonadal development and gametogenesis process of animals. In the present study luteinizing hormone beta, (lhb) subunit gene was cloned and characterized from the brain of Catla catla. The lhb full-length of cDNA sequence is 629 bp which consists of 43bp 5’-UTR (untranslated region) 447bp, ORF(open reading frame) and 139 bp of 3’-UTR respectively. The coding region of lhb gene encoded a peptide of 148 amino acids. The coding sequence of lhb gene consist of a single N-linked glycosylation site (NET) and 12 cysteine knot residues. Phylogenetic analysis of C. catla Lhβ deduced amino acid sequence showed high similarity with Carassius auratus followed by Gobiocypris rarus. 3D structure Lhβ protein comprises of five β-sheets and six coils=loops. The qPCR results revealed lhb mRNA is mainly expressed in the pituitary, ovary while moderate expression was observed in brain and testis. To best our knowledge, this is the first report on the identification, molecular characterization and structural information regarding luteinizing hormone in Indian major carp.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148-156
Number of pages9
JournalAnimal Biotechnology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Taylor & Francis.

Other keywords

  • Cloning
  • Luteinizing hormone
  • Sequencing Catla catla


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