Homogeneous nucleation of sheared liquids: Advances and insights from simulations and theory

Amrita Goswami, Jayant K. Singh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


One of the most ubiquitous and technologically important phenomena in nature is the nucleation of homogeneous flowing systems. The microscopic effects of shear on a nucleating system are still imperfectly understood, although in recent years a consistent picture has emerged. The opposing effects of shear can be split into two major contributions for simple atomic and molecular liquids: increase of the energetic cost of nucleation, and enhancement of the kinetics. In this perspective, we describe the latest computational and theoretical techniques which have been developed over the past two decades. We collate and unify the overarching influences of shear, temperature, and supersaturation on the process of homogeneous nucleation. Experimental techniques and capabilities are discussed, against the backdrop of results from simulations and theory. Although we primarily focus on simple systems, we also touch upon the sheared nucleation of more complex systems, including glasses and polymer melts. We speculate on the promising directions and possible advances that could come to fruition in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15402-15419
Number of pages18
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Issue number29
Publication statusPublished - 7 Aug 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Science and Engineering Research Board (sanction number STR/2019/000090 and CRG/ 2019/001325).

Publisher Copyright:
© the Owner Societies.


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