A comparative study of the electronic and magnetic properties of quasi-two-dimensional electrons in an artificial graphene-like superlattice composed of circular and elliptical quantum dots is presented. A complete orthonormal set of basis functions has been implemented for calculation of the energy dispersions, Hofstadter spectra, density of states and orbital magnetization of the considered systems. Our calculations indicate a topological change in the miniband structure due to the ellipticity of the quantum dots, and non-trivial modifications of the electron energy dispersion surfaces with the change of the magnetic flux per unite cell. The ellipticity of the quantum dots leads to an opening of a gap and considerable modifications of the Hofstadter spectrum. The orbital magnetization is shown to reveal significant oscillations with the change of the magnetic flux. The ellipticity of quantum dots has a qualitative impact on the dependencies of the magnetization on both the magnetic flux and the temperature.
|Journal||Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Nov 2023|
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© 2023 Elsevier B.V.
- Artificial graphene
- Elliptical quantum dots
- Hofstadter spectrum