Hidden patterns of play interaction in soccer using SOF-CODER

Gudberg K. Jonsson*, M. Teresa Anguera, Ángel Blanco-Villaseñor, José Luis Losada, Antonio Hernández-Mendo, Toni Ardá, Oleguer Camerino, Julen Castellano

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Citations (Scopus)


Traditional methods for quantifying sport performances are limited in their capacity to describe the complex interactions of events that occur within a performance over time. The following article outlines a new approach to the study of actions between players in team sports - mainly, soccer. Since the observational design is nomothetic, point, and multidimensional, an observational and data-collecting instrument has been developed. The instrument is mixed and combines a field format with a category system for game events, as well as an ad hoc instrument that considers the game actions of one or both teams, each recorded according to the same criteria. The article also outlines a new approach to the analysis of time-based event records - in this case, sports performance - known as T-pattern detection. The relevant elements of the T-pattern detection process are explained, and exemplar data from analyses of soccer matches are presented to highlight the potential of this form of data analysis. The results suggest that it is possible to identify new kinds of profiles for both individuals and teams on the basis of observational criteria and a further analysis of temporal behavioral patterns detected within the performances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)372-381
Number of pages10
JournalBehavior Research Methods
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2006


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