Generalised global symmetries in holography: magnetohydrodynamic waves in a strongly interacting plasma

Sašo Grozdanov, Napat Poovuttikul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We begin the exploration of holographic duals to theories with generalised global (higher-form) symmetries. In particular, we focus on the case of magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) in strongly coupled plasmas by constructing and analysing a holographic dual to a recent, generalised global symmetry-based formulation of dissipative MHD. The simplest holographic dual to the effective theory of MHD that was proposed as a description of plasmas with any equation of state and transport coefficients contains dynamical graviton and two-form gauge field fluctuations in a magnetised black brane background. The dual field theory, which is closely related to the large-N c , N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory at (infinitely) strong coupling, is, as we argue, in our setup coupled to a dynamical U(1) gauge field with a renormalisation condition-dependent electromagnetic coupling. After constructing the holographic dictionary for gauge-gravity duals of field theories with higher-form symmetries, we compute the dual equation of state and transport coefficients, and for the first time analyse phenomenology of MHD waves in a strongly interacting, dense plasma with a (holographic) microscopic description. From weak to extremely strong magnetic fields, several predictions for the behaviour of Alfvén and magnetosonic waves are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages141
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Volume2019
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Apr 2019

Other keywords

  • Effective Field Theories
  • Gauge-gravity correspondence
  • Global Symmetries
  • Holography and quark-gluon plasmas
  • Sviðsfræði

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