Gendered health inequalities in mental well-being? the Nordic countries in a comparative perspective

Sigrun Olafsdottir*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: The aims of this study were to: (a) compare gender differences in mental well-being in the Nordic countries with gender differences in 28 other countries around the world; and (b) evaluate whether gender differences in the Nordic countries remain when other social and lifestyle factors are taken into account. Methods: Data were obtained from 32 countries around the world that participated in the 2011 health module of the International Social Survey Programme. Ordered logit regression models were used to evaluate whether gender differences remained significant when other social and lifestyle factors were considered. Results: Gender differences in mental well-being in the Nordic countries are not particularly small and the four countries do not cluster together. The gender differences remain when other social and lifestyle factors are taken into account. Conclusions: There appears to be a similar Nordic health paradox for mental well-being outcomes as for physical health outcomes. Although there may be multiple reasons for this, continued gender equality, including sex segregation in the labour market and gendered expectations, are considered to play a part.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-194
Number of pages10
JournalScandinavian Journal of Public Health
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Author(s) 2017.

Other keywords

  • gender inequality
  • Mental well-being
  • Nordic health paradox

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