Gender differences in the interplay between exposure to trauma and parental disturbances within the home, stress-sensitivity and reported false confessions in adolescents

Kim E. Drake*, Inga Dora Sigfusdottir, Jon Fridrik Sigurdsson, Gisli H. Gudjonsson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The principal aim of this study is to investigate the interplay between the reported experience of physical/psychological trauma and disturbances involving parents within the home, latent stress-sensitivity, and the likelihood of reporting false confessions in females. This study also investigates gender differences by fitting the hypothesised partial mediation model to the male data. A multiple group structural equation model was fitted to data obtained from both female (N= 5426) and male (N= 5394) further education students in Iceland. The direct effect from reported physical/psychological trauma to reported false confessions emerged as the only significant effect in females. In males, the direct effect of latent stress-sensitivity on false confessions is significant, but also the indirect effect from both reported experience of physical/psychological trauma and disturbances involving parents through latent stress-sensitivity to false confessions is significant. This study has solidified the notion that a history of physical violence in particular at home may be a critical susceptibility factor amongst females. In males, self-report stress-sensitivity may be the critical susceptibility factor, both explaining the effect of physical/psychological trauma in the home on false confessions, and increasing sensitivity to exogenous interview pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)282-287
Number of pages6
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume87
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Other keywords

  • False confessions
  • Gender differences
  • Parental disturbances
  • Physical/psychological trauma
  • Stress-sensitivity

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