Gender differences in co-occurrence of depressive and anger symptoms among adolescents in five Nordic countries

Bryndis Bjork Asgeirsdottir*, Inga Dora Sigfusdottir

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: The aim of this study was to carry out a comparative examination on gender differences in depressive and anger symptoms and their co-occurrence, using comparative self-report survey data from 16-19-year-old students in five Nordic countries. Methods: In total, 8038 adolescents participated in the study, 4183 females (52%) and 3855 males (48%) with an average age of 17.1 years. Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was used to test for gender differences in symptoms for the sample as a whole and also for each country. Furthermore, partial bivariate correlation was carried out and followed up by ANCOVA to test for gender differences in the co-occurrence of depressive and anger symptoms in the five countries. Results: The results indicated that, on average, adolescent females reported higher levels of depressive symptoms than males in all the countries under study and higher levels of anger symptoms in four out of five countries. The relationship between depressive and anger symptoms turned out to be stronger for females than males for all the countries under study, demonstrating higher co-occurrence of depressive and anger symptoms on average among females than males. Conclusions: The findings underline the need for attending to both depressive and anger symptoms among adolescents when designing mental health interventions and treatments as co-occurrence of both types of symptoms is common, particularly among females.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-189
Number of pages7
JournalScandinavian Journal of Public Health
Volume43
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2015

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Data collection for this study was carried out by the Icelandic Centre for Social Research and Analysis by the initiative of the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture in Iceland as a component of the Minister’s programme in the Nordic Council of Ministers in 2009. The data collection also received support from the Nordic Cooperation Ministers and NORDBUK (Nordic Committee for Children and Young People) and financial support from Nordic Ministers for Social Affairs and Nordic Ministers for Education, Science and Culture.

Other keywords

  • adolescence
  • anger symptoms
  • co-occurrence
  • comorbidity
  • depressive symptoms
  • gender
  • Mental health

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