Frontal lobe structure and executive function in migraine patients

Nicole Schmitz, Enrico B. Arkink, Marieke Mulder, Katya Rubia, Faiza Admiraal-Behloul*, Guus G. Schoonmann, Mark C. Kruit, Michel D. Ferrari, Mark A. van Buchem

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

122 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neuroimaging studies have identified frontal lobe brain abnormalities in migraineurs. Neuropsychological investigations highlighted frontal lobe related cognitive impairments in migraineurs, including working memory and executive function deficits. The relationship between brain anatomy and cognitive function in migraine, however, is unclear. The aim of this study was to simultaneously investigated cortex structure and executive function (EF) in patients with migraine and control subjects. Thus, we assessed grey matter (GM) density in 25 adult patients with migraine, compared to age and sex-matched control subjects, using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and voxel-based-morphometry (VBM), and we measured EF in the same population, employing three EF tasks of the Maudsley attention and response suppression (MARS) battery. Migraineurs, compared to control subjects, showed decreased frontal and parietal lobe GM density and slower response time to task set-shifting and, the delayed response time correlated significantly with reduced GM density of the frontal lobes in migraineurs. Frontal and parietal lobe abnormalities in migraineurs could be an underlying cause of significantly slower response time during cognitive set-shifting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-96
Number of pages5
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume440
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2008

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by the Hersenstichting Nederland (grant no. H04/08).

Other keywords

  • Executive function
  • Frontal cortex
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Migraine

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