Allogeneic BMT using a non-genotypically HLA-identical donor may be curative for children suffering from lethal haematological diseases, who lack a genotypically HLA-identical donor. Unfortunately, graft failures are often seen, especially after T cell depletion of the graft. We studied whether untimely decreased counts of leucocytes and reticulocytes in peripheral blood might predict graft failure at an early stage. Fifty-five recipients of a non-genotypically HLA-identical BM graft were included in the study; data from these children were compared with those of 77 recipients of a genotypically HLA-identical BM graft. Time-related reference values of peripheral blood leucocyte and reticulocyte counts were established in graft recipients with proven donor-origin recovery after BMT. Graft failure after non-HLA-identical BMT was observed in 16 out of 55 children (29%) and after HLA-identical BMT in one out of 77 (1.3%). With respect to early graft failure, the predictive value of granulocyte numbers falling below the lower limit of the reference values and a rapid decline of reticulocyte numbers after their appearance in peripheral blood was 100% (95% confidence intervals of 83-100% and of 80-100%, respectively). Early immunosuppressive intervention was applied in six patients and was successful in three of them.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Bone Marrow Transplantation|
|Publication status||Published - May 1996|
- Graft rejection