Erosive assessment of dry mouth lozenges and tablets on enamel and dentin

Alex Delgado*, A. P. Dias Ribeiro, M. Aslam, Vilhelm Grétar Ólafsson, P. N. Pereira

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OBJECTIVES: To assess the erosive potential of dry mouth lozenges and tablets on enamel and dentin.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The following lozenges and tablets were tested: Salese, Oracoat Xylimelts, Cotton Mouth, TheraBreath, DenTek OraMoist, SmartMouth, ACT, CVS Health, Rite Aid, Med Active, and Hager Pharma. pH Analysis: Each lozenge or tablet was crushed with a pestle and mortar and 5 g of the resultant powder was dissolved in 10 ml of distilled water (pH 7.02) The pH of each lozenge solution was assessed by using a calibrated pH meter. Titratable Acidity (TA) was determined by adding 0.1 M of NaOH to each homogenous tablet solution until the pH reached 7.0. Gravimetric Analysis was measured with freshly extracted molars crown/roots were sectioned at the CEJ and enamel and dentin specimens were fabricated. The specimens were then submerged in 5 ml of solution containing 2.5 gm of crushed tablets for 24 h, 48 h, 96 h and 14 days with measurements performed at each interval after drying. The solutions were renewed at each interval.

RESULTS: Significant correlation between pH and TA was observed for lozenges and tablets evaluated (p < 0.0001). Both variables were strongly correlated with enamel and dentin loss (p < 0.0001). For enamel, DenTek resulted in significantly more substance loss (p < 0.05) than with the other tested products, while Xylimelts presented the lowest percentage of substance loss. For dentin, Cotton Mouth resulted in the highest substance loss, and Xylimelts presented the lowest percentage of substance loss.

CONCLUSIONS: There is a strong correlation between the pH, tritatable aciditiy, and erosive potential of these products. DenTek and Cotton Mouth reported erosive effect to the enamel and dentin, respectively. Xylimelts performed better than the rest of the products in relationship to enamel and dentin.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103496
Pages (from-to)103496
JournalJournal of Dentistry
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd

Other keywords

  • Dental erosion
  • Dry mouth
  • Lozanges
  • pH
  • Xerostomia
  • Dentin
  • Dental Enamel
  • Tablets
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Tooth Erosion/chemically induced


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