ERBB2 amplification in breast cancer with a high rate of proliferation

A. Borg*, B. Baldetorp, M. Ferno, D. Killander, H. Olsson, H. Sigurdsson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

212 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ERBB2 proto-oncogene was studied in 539 invasive primary breast tumors and was found amplified (2- > 30 copies) in 19%. Amplification was correlated to most known risk factors, including; large tumor size, lymph node positivity and many tumor involved nodes, advanced stage, low patient age (< 40 years), non-diploidy and hypertetraploidy, and most significantly (P < 0.00001) to the nce of steroid receptors and to a high rate of proliferation (flow cytometric determined S phase fraction). ERBB2 amplification was strongly associated (P < 0.0001 ) with early recurrence and death in breast cancer among node-positive patients. This connection did not, however, remain in multivariate analyses. No correlations to clinical outcome were seen among node-negative patients. Similarly, non-diploid, but not diploid, amplified tumors were particularly aggressive. Furthermore, EPBB2 amplification was associated with a high rate of proliferation and poor prognosis in steroid receptor positive, but not receptor negative tumors. In progesterone receptor positive breast cancer, amplification was an independent and with node status equally powerful (P < 0.0001) predictor of poor survival. It is concluded that ERBB2 activity is related to an increased tumor growth rate but not directly to metastasizing ability. Its clinical relevance as a prognostic factor may be in selecting a high risk subgroup of breast cancer, in general considered as being of good prognosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-143
Number of pages7
JournalOncogene
Volume6
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1991

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